Evolution of EDI Technology
One of the first use of EDI technology was in 1948. A standard manifest system was designed to transmit data by telex, radio-teletype, or telephone by the US army to track cargo during the German war. Since then, EDI technology continued to evolve and became a standardized communication channel for businesses across the world to exchange data electronically.
Definition of EDI
Electronic Data Interchange is the transfer of large amounts of information electronically in a specified format/standard between business partners.
Basically, any type of business that deals with large amounts of identical paperwork/form data can directly benefit from adopting an EDI solution. The benefits over using a paper system are clear:
- immense savings in time
- significant cost savings
- reduced drain on resources overall
- reduced error rates in data transfer (we almost want to say ‘eliminate’ here!)
- improved security of data being transferred
- reliability – you can have confidence that data is reaching its destination
History of EDI
The Beginning in 1948
US Army Master Sargent named Edward Guilbert designed a standard manifest system that could transmit data by telex, radio-teletype, or telephone. This standard data transmission helped the US army track tons of cargo per day during the German war. Edward Guilbert is also called “The father of EDI.
In the 1960s
Edward Guilbert left his military duty and joined Du Pont Co, where he continued his work in improving the standard manifest system and developed a standard electronic message for sending cargo information between Du Pont and a carrier company.
In the 1970s
The first national EDI specification was published in 1975 and in the same year, the first Value added network (VAN) was also established by Telenet. Gulibert was a big contributor in developing the first national EDI specification.
In the 1980s
In 1981, ANSIX12 published its first standard for the food, drug, warehouse, banking, and transportation industries. Soon, many major retailers and automobile companies mandated their suppliers to use EDI to do business with them
In the 1990s and 2000s
By the early 1990s, roughly 12,000+ companies in North America and Europe mandated their suppliers to start using EDI to exchange data electronically.
2010 and Beyond
Today EDI has become an important part of business communication for most businesses across the world. Many different EDI standards have been designed to help industries from various verticals exchange data electronically with no delays and automate the data exchange process. With the development of cloud technology, EDI has become more accessible to many small and medium-sized businesses, where they can start exchanging EDI with any trading partner with just a laptop and internet connection.
How EDI Used Across Various Industries
The adoption of EDI has seen rapid growth in the last several years. Sectors such as Retail, Finance, Manufacturing, Healthcare, Pharmaceutical, Government, Utility & Construction, Logistics, and Foodservice have fully embraced and encouraged the use of EDI within their own supplier networks.
Here is the list of EDI use cases in various industries,
Supply Chain (Retail, Manufacturing, Automotive)
- Order fulfillment
- Shipping confirmations
- International orders
- Parts order fulfillments
- Exchanging patient health information
- Health insurance processing
- Prescription information exchanges
- Scheduling shipments
- Tracking goods
- Generating invoices
- Providing audit trails
- Flight information exchanges
- Passenger name records (PNRs)
- International compliance and standardization
Different Types of EDI Solutions
There are 8 Types of EDI solutions which include:
Integrated EDI Solution
An integrated EDI solution translates your inbound documents like purchase orders from your trading partners’ EDI files into a format that can be imported directly into your ERP, accounting, or another business system. The translation is fast and reliable so you can focus on your business
Internet EDI (Web EDI/Cloud EDI)
Communication of EDI messages via the internet. Internet EDI is an economical solution that is easy to use. Even smaller or mid-sized vendors need to be compliant with their large retail customers. As a low-cost option, Internet EDI enables you to get up and running with very little. All you need is a computer/laptop and an internet connection to begin exchanging EDI documents.
EDI Outsourcing / Managed EDI services
EDI outsourcing is the process of having a third-party to manage a part or the entire process of using EDI to exchange data with trading partners
Direct EDI, sometimes referred to as point-to-point EDI, establishes a single connection between two business partners. In this approach, a business would connect with each of its business partners individually.
EDI via AS2
AS2 stands for Applicability Statement 2. AS2 is one of the most popular methods for transporting EDI data securely and reliably
EDI via SFTP
SFTP stands for Secure File Transfer Protocol it provides organizations with a higher level of file transfer protection which allows businesses to securely transfer billing data, funds and data recovery files
EDI via FTPS
FTPS stands for File Transfer Protocol Secure which is an extension to the commonly used File Transfer Protocol. In FTPS, FTP data travels through the network using either Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) or Transport Layer Security (TLS) protocols.
EDI VAN (EDI via Value Added Network)
The majority of EDI exchanged today occurs through EDI Value-Added Network (VAN). As long as two organizations are using the same VAN, communication is possible regardless of which EDI protocol is used to transfer information. Unlike Direct EDI this means organizations can manage one connection with the EDI VAN instead of separate lines of communication with each potential partner. Many businesses prefer this model to save them from the ongoing complexities of supporting the varying communication protocols required by different business partners.
Benefits of EDI
- Eliminate manual data entry errors
- Automating paper-based tasks frees up your staff for higher-value tasks and provides them the tools to be more productive
- Shortening order processing and delivery helps organizations reduce inventory
- EDI enhances transactional security
- Improve business relationships
- EDI promotes sustainability and reduces CO2 emissions by replacing paper-based processes with electronic alternatives
The Future of EDI
EDI will be the core document exchange capability to support innovations such as the
- Internet of Things (IoT),
- Blockchain technology
- Artificial intelligence
- Cloud technology
- Application program interface
Internet of Things (IOT)
IoT sensors are incorporated into a shipment’s packaging and tied to periodic EDI 214 messages to improve package condition visibility in near real-time.
Blockchain technology underpinning EDI information flows for shipments to offer a shared version of the truth that can quickly resolve and even avoid chargeback disputes.
Blockchain is a ledger-based technology that records changes relating to anything of value (e.g. goods or currency). Once created, each block is essentially a read-only record of a change. This created, blocks then can’t be tampered with. Thus system ensures data accuracy whilst enabling maximum visibility for all parties.
An AI agent that monitors all relevant events and information connected to a shipment and can identify a non-compliant event. AI agents can also determine if a reshipment is required, analyze the most efficient source of replacement, initiate a new shipment and accept an authorized return
Cloud technologies are another big trend in EDI, as many companies are adopting to cloud-based applications because of ease of access, use, and affordability. No need to install additional software and no prior EDI knowledge is required to use the cloud-based EDI system.
EDI and API
EDI and API Integration to support partners by adding APIs to your EDI setup which allows your business partners more opportunities to validate information through APIs, you can help them avoid common EDI transaction errors
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