GDSN 101: Everything You Need to Know About GDSN

Define GDSN

GDSN stands for Global Data Synchronization Network (GDSN) and is the world’s largest product data network.

GDSN makes it possible for any company, in any market, to share high-quality product information seamlessly. Because companies of all sizes need the same thing—timely and reliable product information—to ultimately benefit consumers and patients.

The GDSN enables manufacturers and sellers of goods to harmonize information about their products with their customers.  Retailers and other buyers of goods subscribe to vendor catalogs and receive updates on them.

Manufacturers and sellers benefit by having only one catalog to maintain and update. Buyers benefit from having item information continuously updated to ensure it is correct and current.

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List of GDSN Terminologies

  1. GS1 global registry
  2. Interoperability
  3. Global location number (GLN)
  4. Global trade item number (GTIN)
  5. Global product classification (GPC)
  6. Trading partner agreement (TPA)
  7. Target market (TM)
  8. GS1 data quality framework
  9. GDSN digital content
  10. GDSN Attributes
1. GS1 Global Registry

The GS1 Global Registry is the GDSN’s “yellow pages directory” that,

  • Provides information for subscription sharing
  • Enables data pool interoperability Guarantees uniqueness of the registered items and parties
  • Ensures all data pools in the network are complying with a common set of validation rules that support GDSN data integrity
  • Holds information on who subscribed to trade items or party data using Global Location Numbers (GLN), Global Trade Identification Numbers (GTIN), Global Product Classifications (GPC), and Target Market (TM) as identifiers
2. Interoperability

Data pools must pass the GS1 GDSN Interoperability Tests for mandatory functionality as contained in the GDSN Certification Event process. Each certified data pool must maintain production level connections to all other certified data pools, post-certification. This will help ensure a fully interoperable GDSN landscape to meet the business needs of retailers and manufacturers globally.

3. Global Location Number (GLN)

A GLN is unique entity identification for use in the GS1 system based on a company’s EAN.UCC company prefix.

  • It is a 13-digit number.
  • All data sources and data recipients must have a GLN to operate in the GDSN.
4. Global Trade Item Number (GTIN)

A GTIN is a unique product ID based on an EAN.UCC number that identifies a specific product at a specific level of packaging, examples: Each, Carton, Pallet

The GTIN facilitates separate item records for each packaging is the supplier’s standard packaging standard EAN.UCC bar code label. level and of packaging for the same product IF IF each level of packaging contains a separate.

5. Global Product Classification (GPC)

GPC Level Example Image

GPC is a product category/class system used by GS1 to ensure each product is classified uniformly everywhere in the world.

The GPC provides trading partners with a common way to classify and group their products using a multi-level hierarchy.

6. Trading Partner Agreement (TPA)

The TPA ensures protection for the Data Source (supplier) data throughout the GDSN It acknowledges that the Data Source owns the data It provides legal protection and remedies to the Data source if the data is passed to any   other entity other than the Data Source’s authorized and designated Data Recipient(s) Every entity in the GDSN has to sign the TPA.

7. Target Market (TM)

TM is a country identifier indicating where the item will be sold.

This is required because some products sold in different have unique product differences for the specific TM(s). countries use the same bar codes but have unique product differences for the specific TM(s).

8. GDSN Digital Content

GS1 Image Standards & systems

Marketing & FS Image Specifications

Planogram Image Specifications

Image File Naming Convention

GDSN uses URL tags in the GTIN record to deliver digital content such as Images, PDFs Documents, Videos, Logos

URL Tags: The most Accurate & efficient digital content delivery method.

9. GS1 Data Quality Framework

GDSN uses the GS1 Data Quality Framework which forces current, complete, correct data,

  • GS1 standard attributes definitions
  • GS1 standard attribute values
  • GDSN automated validation rules
  • GDS Network forces data validation
  • GDSN data record changes are time-stamped & transmissions
10. Attributes of GDSN

To start with 37 mandatory attributes are required to sync the product data via GDSN. These are classified into 2 types,

  1. Attributes required by Global Registry
  2. Mandatory GDSN Attributes

The Benefits of GDSN

1. Transformation

Data Recipients:    Updated product offering data sync enforces accuracy

Suppliers: Develop GS1 quality SSOT, gain added online listing

2. One to many solutions

As GDSN grows it benefits demand & supply

3. Global Standards

Global network. Uses GS1 global standards, 46 data pools

4. GTIN-Based Records

The single data record for each level of packaging for the same item

5. Data Accuracy

GS1 Data Quality Framework forces accuracy in the GDSN

6. Data Synchronization

Always on the same page as your supplier

Ready to find out more about Commport GDSN Datapool Service?

We are a GS1 GDSN certified Datapool since 2005

Frequently Asked Questions

GDSN stands for Global Data Synchronization Network. It is a global network that facilitates the exchange of standardized product data between trading partners, such as manufacturers, suppliers, retailers, and distributors. GDSN ensures that all parties have access to accurate and up-to-date product information, improving data accuracy and efficiency throughout the supply chain.

GDSN offers several benefits to businesses and the supply chain. It ensures consistent and accurate product data across all trading partners, reducing errors and discrepancies. This leads to improved inventory management, faster product introductions, enhanced traceability, and streamlined compliance with regulations. GDSN also enables better data-driven decision-making and helps businesses respond more effectively to changing market demands.

GDSN uses a standardized framework to synchronize product data across the supply chain. Manufacturers and suppliers publish product information to a central data pool using GDSN-compliant standards. Retailers and distributors then subscribe to this data pool to access and integrate the product information into their systems. Any updates or changes made by the manufacturer are automatically propagated to all subscribing parties, ensuring data consistency.

GDSN facilitates the exchange of a wide range of product information, including item descriptions, attributes, pricing, packaging details, images, nutritional information, safety data, and regulatory compliance information. This comprehensive data exchange ensures that all relevant details about a product are consistently available to all supply chain partners.

GDSN implementation can vary in complexity depending on the organization’s size and existing systems. However, there are GDSN-certified data pool providers that offer tools and services to simplify the implementation process. Businesses interested in adopting GDSN should start by selecting a data pool provider, ensuring their internal systems are capable of integrating GDSN data, and then working with their trading partners to establish data synchronization.
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